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Photogallery: Linguistic expeditions 2010


Linguistic expeditions 2010

   

RFBR Project: Grant 10-06-10029

Group Leader: Olga Kazakevich (LCL SRCC MSU)

Participants: Elena Budianskaya (LCL SRCC MSU),
Dariya Vakhoneva (LCL SRCC MSU),
Leonid Zakharov (Philological Faculty, MSU),
Evgeniya Golovko (4th year student of the Institute of Linguistics, RSUH),
Elena Kliachko (3d year student of the Institute of Linguistics, RSUH),
Evgeniya Korovina (4th year student of the Institute of Linguistics, RSUH),
Margarita Polunina (3d year student of the Institute of Linguistics, RSUH).

 

EVENKI-SELKUP EXPEDITION 2010

The expedition was held with the financial support from the Russian Foundation for Basic Researches (RFBR) (grant 10-06-10029). It worked in the Upper-Ket and Kargasok districts of the Tomsk region from June 30th up to July 30th .

We worked in the villages of Bely Yar, Stepanovka, Katayga, Centralnyi in the Upper-Ket district and in the villages of Kargasok, Novoyughino, Napas, Molodyozhnyi in Kargasok district.

The main objectives of the expedition were a sociolinguistic survey of the villages, and documentation of the Sym dialect of Evenki and of the Ket and Tym dialects of Selkup, and with autochthonous population.

During the fieldwork (31days including transportation) the participants worked with native speakers, half-speakers and quarter-speakers of the autochthonous languages of the region representing the Sym dialect of Evenki, the Ket and Tym dialects of Selkup and the Vasiugan dialect of Khanty for more than 300 hours. Besides, in the framework of the sociolinguistic survey of the local communities of autochthonous populations of the villages we questionnaires were filled 232 questionnaires interviewing our respondents from those communities).
 

Linguistic Situation in the Region

Upper-Ket district: general information

Population 20500, among them:

Evenkis 60 (6-7 people speak Evenki to a certain extent, two people are Evenki full-speakers)

Selkups 383 (among them two Selkup full-speakers, 3-4 people remember just some Selkup words)

Chulyms 41 (no one speaks Chulym)

Kets 7 (no one speaks Ket)

 

Belyi Yar

Population 8443

Selkups 152
No one speaks Selkup

Evenki 17
Two Evenki full-speakers

Khanty 3

Ket 1

Chulyms 37

Mansies 3

Nanais 3

Others 8227

 

Stepanovka

Population 2353

Selkups 95
One Selkup full-speaker, one Selkup half-speaker

Evenkis 14
Two Evenki half-speaker

Chulyms 3

Others 2241

 

Katayga

Population 1801

Selkups 60
One Selkup full-speaker

Evenkis 23
No one speaks Evenki

Kets 6
No one speaks Ket

Others 1712

 

Centralnyi

Population 382

Selkups 2
No one speaks Selkup

Evenkis 9
Three Evenki half-speakers

Others 371

 

Kargasok district: general information 

Population 22476, among them:

Evenkis 29 (No one speaks Evenki, one-two people remember just some Evenki words)

Selkups 470 (several Khanty people are registered as Selkups)
No one speaks Selkup, 5 to10 people remember some Selkup words or expressions

Khantys 135 (10 to 15 people speak Khanty to a certain extent)

 

Kargasok

Population 9673

Selkups 372 (several Khanty people are registered as Selkups.)
No one speaks Selkup.

Khantys 91 (5 people speak Khanty to a certain extent)

Evenkis 10

 

Novoyughino

Population 630

Selkups 32 (several Khanty people are registered as Selkups)
No one speaks Selkup.

Khantys 15 (5 people speak Khanty to a certain extent)

Others 583

 

Napas

Population 302

Selkups 71
No one speaks Selkup

Evenkis 13
No one speaks Evenki

Khantys 24
No one speaks Khanty

 

Molodezhnyi

Population 604

Selkups 18
No one speaks Selkup

Khantys 3
No one speaks Khanty

Others 583

 

We felt working in the ruins of autochthonous languages. To our regret, our survey showed that the Tym dialect of Selkup (Kargasok district) has stopped functioning, today it exists only as remembrances of something once heard or pronounced but almost totally vanished. Even elderly Selkups of Napas could remember at best fifteen to twenty Selkup words. The process of shifting to Russian started in the Selkup community of Napas more than half a century ago. Our respondents of 70 80 years old told us that in their childhood parents had not allowed them to speak Selkup. Most of them heard Selkup speech only from their grandparents. No one of the 29 Evenkis residing in the Kargasok district is able to speak his/her ethnic language.

The situation in the Upper-Ket district may seem more optimistic in comparison with the Tym basin: two native speakers of the Sym dialect of Evenki live in Bely Yar (they are brother and sister, he is 73, she is 65), a native speaker of the Ket dialect of Selkup resides in Stepanovka and another one in Katayga (one of them is 61, the other is 71, and they speak different local sub-dialects of the Ket dialect).

More than half of the Ket and Tym Selkups whom we interviewed consider their ethnic language to be useless in the present-day society. The attitudes of the interviewed Evenkis towards their ethnic language are much more positive.

 

The data collected during the expedition

 

1) 17 texts in the Sym dialect of Evenki sounding from 5 to 20 minutes recorded in Bely Yar from two informants (brother and sister, 73 and 65years old): life stories (10), folklore texts fairy-tales and legends (4), songs (2), a monolog addressed to the Evenki people (1). All the texts are audio and video recorded recorded and deciphered (transcribed and translated into Russian).

 

2) The Evenki thematic dictionary (over 2000 entries) audio recorded from our two full-speakers of the Sym dialect (73 and 65 years old).

 

  3) The reduced version of the Evenki thematic dictionary (400 entries) audio recorded from three Evenki half-speakers (59 to 60 years old) in Stepanovka and Centralnyi.

 

4) 9 texts in the Ket dialect of Selkup audio and video recorded from the last two full-speakers of this dialect (61 and 72 years old) in  Stepanovka and Kataiga (autobiographies, hunting stories, stories about shamanic rites).

 

5) The Selkup thematic dictionary (about 2000 entries) audio recorded from the two remaining full-speakers of the Ket dialect (61 and 65 years old).

 

6) The reduced version of Khanty thematic dictionary containing 400 entries, recorded from 4 informants (50 to75 years old) in  Novoyughino and Kargasok.

 

7) Data on the sociolinguistic situation in the villages of Bely Yar, Stepanovka, Kataiga, Centralnyi, Kargasok, Novoyughino, Napas, Molodyozhny.

 

 8) Video recordings shot during the expedition and reflecting both the functioning, or rather, the non-functioning of Evenki or Selkup in the villages, and some ethno cultural features of the present-day village life (8 hours).

 

 9) Photo materials (over 1500 photos) showing villagers, their everyday life, views of the villages and their natural surroundings.